Some essential vitamins for dog

In the nutrition menu for dogs, owners need to ensure adequate quality such as protein, fat, water,...etc. But few people think that vitamins should be added to dogs because they think vitamins are not really important. However, vitamins are essential for development and activities. If vitamin deficiencies occur regularly, your dog will suffer from a number of dangerous diseases. This review will provide necessary information about important vitamins for pets:

1. Vitamin A:

This is a vitamin that boosts the immune system as well as ensures a healthy vision. For maternal dogs during pregnancy, this vitamin should be supplemented to ensure healthy and well-developed fetus.

Deficiency of this vitamin will often manifest the following diseases: loss of appetite, damaged skin and dog coat, weight loss and growth retardation, inflammation and corneal disorders, respiratory disease and a number of dogs maybe get blind symptom at night.

Foods such as fish oil, liver, carrot, pumpkin, green radish, sweet potato, egg,…etc. are easy to find in daily life which is an abundant source to supply vitamin A.

2. Vitamin D:

Vitamin D guarantees the balance of calcium as well as phosphorus in the dog's body. The role of this vitamin is the formation of bone and muscle structure as well as the regulation of blood activities and conduction between nerves.

Without adequate vitamin D can easily lead to bone diseases such as rickets, swollen bones, and bends.

Every day, take your pet out to absorb sunlight from the early morning sun as well as add fish oil, liver, and egg yolk to your dog's diet to help supplement vitamin D effectively.

3. Vitamin E:

This vitamin has a role in supporting muscle development along with vitamin D, but it is also important in the formation of respiratory membranes and fat metabolism, counteracting the oxidation of hormones in the dog's body.

The imbalance of vitamin E easily leads to damage to nerve, heart, bone cells, etc., as well as more serious diseases such as osteoarthritis, retina, and inability to reproduce compared to complete sperm weaken.

Supplement vitamin E through daily foods such as green vegetables, cereals, vegetable oils, animal liver.

4. Vitamin K:

A very important vitamin and has the ability to synthesize itself for blood activity, allowing blood to clot. Vitamin K is found in green leafy plants (K1), fish (K2) and some other foods.

5. Vitamin C

This is a very beneficial vitamin for the immune system, supporting the resistance of pets during development, pregnancy, lactation. Vitamin C is most commonly found in citrus fruits.

6. Group of B vitamins

- Vitamin B1 (Thiamin): is an essential vitamin for the activity of muscles and nerves, helping to convert amino acids into energy. Without adequate B1 supplements, dogs may lose nerve control leading to poor reflexes. Meat, fish, milk, and fruit are good sources of food to provide this vitamin.

- Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin): support the development of hair, muscles and cardiovascular organs. This vitamin deficiency leads to underdevelopment and heart failure. Visceral organs are high in vitamin B2.

- Vitamin B3 (Niacin): is a vitamin that ensures a healthy formation. If symptoms of weight loss, hemorrhagic diarrhea, gingivitis, .... then pets are deficient in this vitamin and need to supplement meat and other meat products.

- Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid): helps metabolize starches, proteins, fats into energy to support development activities in dogs. Supplementing vitamin B5 from fresh meat and tubers helps to reduce coat loss and premature aging.

- Vitamin B6 is a very good vitamin for blood, preventing kidney stones and tooth decay. This type is present in most foods but requires reasonable processing because it is easy to decompose.

- Vitamin B9 and B12 (Folic Acid): an abundant supply of animal organs that helps dogs to produce fast red blood cells to avoid anemia.

- Vitamin H (Biotin): is a vitamin that beautifies the skin and fur of the pet, and also supports muscles and digestive system. Supplement this vitamin with foods such as beef liver, soy, corn, ...


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