Pug - The Origin and History through time

The Pug dog is believed to have appeared in China at least 2000 years ago, around 200 BC, under the Han Dynasty. For thousands of years, Pug was always regarded as a precious dog breed, raised in royalty and Chinese aristocratic families. They have a very luxurious life, in luxurious rooms and sometimes guarded by soldiers.


The modern Pug is no longer a noble dog, but there is always a special place in Chinese culture, they are said to bring wealth and luck to the owner.

Originated from Asia about 400 BC. However, the origin of  Pug is still controversial. Some experts believe that Pug originated in the Far East, introduced by Dutch merchants. They also believe that this may be a branch of the Beijing short-haired breed. However, another opinion is that Pug is the result of breeding a small Bulldog dog.

Development History

From the sixteenth century, Pug became the most favorite and fashionable ornamental dog of European courts, reaching its peak in the Victorian period. Pug is a favorite dog in temples in Tibet, then they are imported into Japan. Continuing to travel to Europe, the breed quickly became the royal pet of many countries and even became the official breed of the Royal Dutch. It was the little Pug dog who saved Prince William's life when he alerted the owner of the attack in 1572. When the British invaded the palace in Beijing, they found some Peking Pug and dogs and bring them back to England. The American Dog Federation officially recognized the Pug type in 1885.

Pug dogs were mostly known only in China until the 16th century, when China started trading with European countries.

Dutch merchants are the most important players in bringing Pug to the world. The Dutch brought Pug dogs to Europe, and named them Mopshond. Pug quickly became the favorite dog of European aristocratic families at the time. Even Pug itself plays a big role in European history when rescuing Prince William's family (later Dutch king William III) by barking warnings about the Spanish attack, helping He promptly escaped to England.

Pug also appeared in many famous European paintings and music works of the time. William Hogarth is an extremely passionate pug breeder, who described his black Pug dog in many famous paintings. In 1785, Goya also described the dog Pug in his paintings.


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